Why Apple eliminated Touch ID and added Face ID on the iPhone 10

Touch ID vs. Face ID

It’s been several months since the release of the iPhone X and we are still under the impression of its new features and design. One of its main characteristics is the Face ID, whose incorporation into the iPhone 10 also brings many interesting stories.

Before the official announcement of this device, there were numerous contradicting reports. The information most of these reports had in common was that Apple eliminated Home button on the iPhone 10. With this major change, nobody really knew what is going to happen with the identification system of the phone. Although Face ID was rumored for a long time, people did not believe it will be introduced just yet. While ones hoped it would, others wished to have the same old Touch ID. It was unknown how would Apple make the fingertip unlocking system work due to an elimination of the Home button. Some predicted that the phone will have Touch ID sensor within the display but none of the Touch ID predictions turned out to be true except one – that it will be removed too.

Predictions before iPhone 10 release

Tech experts and iPhone lovers were very excited about the iPhone X release for a very long time. Some predictions regarding its design and features came from May 2016! Regular users didn’t know anything about it at that time while analysts were trying hard to figure out what is this model going to bring.

When the date of the announcement got very close and people still didn’t know details about the Face ID and Touch ID, they came to their own conclusions. One of those conclusions was that Apple was trying to find the way to add Touch ID to the iPhone 10 and that’s why we couldn’t know for sure what is going to happen.

Another prediction indicated that if Apple does not place the Touch ID under their OLED display, they will surely place it on the back of the phone. This suggestion probably came under the influence of the Samsung S8.

As you can see, all the rumors about Touch ID on the iPhone 10 turned out to be false.

Why Apple removed Touch ID

However, Apple surprised everyone by adding full Face ID system without leaving any Touch ID alternative! The later findings confirm that previous guessings were far away from the truth. Apple did not seek a way to add Touch ID to iPhone 10 simply because they didn’t want it at all. Once they developed a powerful system like Face ID, the company felt superior to all their rivals and hasn’t hesitated in showing their strength.

Face ID Touch ID

In spite of the fact that Apple went a level beyond everyone with the new identification system, other manufacturers didn’t give up on the idea of embedding fingerprint sensors into their future devices. We expect a lot of full-glass phones in 2018 and they surely won’t all have the Face ID.

What exactly is Face ID?

Face ID

Face ID basically scans your face completely and unlocks your iPhone X once you have been identified. The system uses more than 30,000 invisible dots that analyze every part of your face and create an accurate facial map. It works precisely under different lights, including complete darkness. After projecting an infrared light in the low light environment, the camera captures your face and reads the facial map. It compares the infrared photo with the existing identification data and allows (or denies) your access to the phone. The system is known as the TrueDepth camera. A11 Bionic chip performs data crunching and powers the iPhone 10. It also has your Face ID data saved within the Secure Enclave security chip.

Thanks to a detailed analysis of your face and all the mentioned invisible dots working simultaneously, this system is extremely accurate. During the promotion and to this day, Apple keeps pointing out several Face ID key factors to the users:

  • Use Face ID to scan your face precisely at the very beginning in order to get recognized afterward.
  • Compare your new scan with the existing one. Do not make them identical but allow some flexibility in order to unlock your phone in different conditions.
  • Choose different lightning conditions to scan your face.
  • Update the details of your Face ID depending on your age and potential changes. Some of those changes include growing a mustache or beard, change a hairstyle or eyebrows, or having a plastic surgery.
  • Face ID will recognize you even when you are wearing a hat, scarf, gloves, sunglasses or contact lenses.
  • Nobody, including a person with a similar appearance, can unlock your phone. This includes utilization of your photograph, video, mask or any other technique.

Is Face ID more secure than Touch ID?

Yes, it is far more reliable than Touch ID. It takes a lot of time for Apple to make important decisions like these so if they decided to finally do it, they made sure it’s worth it. A support document by Apple indicates that the chance of someone else unlocking your iPhone X with Face ID is 1 in 1,000,000. Touch ID holds the percentage of 1 in 50,000, which is an enormous difference.

Will Apple Keep Face ID or Return Touch ID?

Touch ID

Considering that customers accepted Face ID quite well and the reviews are mostly positive, it is less likely that Apple will ditch the Face ID in the 2018 models. I am saying 2018 because nobody knows for sure what the company is going to invent in a year.

According to various reports, they are going to invest even more in the Face ID. Apple already has so many plans regarding this system; it might even bring new collaborations with large companies. The elimination of Touch ID is still not definite either. Rumors have it that Apple will not just leave their old identification system like that. If they are upgrading all the aspects of their phones, doesn’t mean they need to remove all the features from the old models. Instead, they can just upgrade them too.

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